By Sneha Baul, CLC, Faculty of Law, Delhi University.
Human Rights are the inherent rights, which are basic, fundamental and pervasive in nature. With the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948 and a series of other multilateral treaties and other declarations concluded through the United Nations, the human rights had been recognized universally beyond the peripheries of the nations. Articles 55 & 56 of UN Charter impose upon United Nations and its members respectively, obligations to promote and observe human rights. But the challenges against enforcement and non-violation of human rights are massive and dire. This hindrance is due to the encroaching terrorism and its consequences, which violate the human rights and the rule of law. Human rights and terrorism are correlated as it concerns both its victims and perpetrators. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights recognizes the inherent dignity and inalienable rights of all members of the human beings. But terrorism violates this right of dignity of victims, which is enshrined in Article 3 of UDHR. It does not end with the plight of the victims; rather the suspected perpetrators also suffer in the course of apprehension and prosecution. (more…)