By Anjali Rawat, RMLNLU, Lucknow.
53% of the children in India had been sexually abused as per the 2007 survey by the Ministry of Women and Child Development. In the light of such circumstances Protection of Children against Sexual Offences Act, 2012 also known as POCSO Act was passed by both the houses of Parliament on May 22, 2012 and it came into effect on November 14, 2012. POCSO Act is a step forward because before there were only two punishable sexual offences in the IPC- rape, which is peno-vaginal penetration, and outraging the modesty of a woman, e.g. groping or taking indecent photographs. Also, the law did not distinguish between an adult and a child. This act is applicable to the whole of India and provides protection to children under the age of 18 years against sexual offences. (more…)