The Rohingya Refugee Crisis

By Afreen Hashmi, National Law University, Jodhpur.

Rohingya are one of the world’s largest and most prominent groups of stateless people, trapped not only in a protracted refugee situation, but also in a protracted situation of statelessness. In 2015, to escape systemic violence and persecution from the Burma government, thousands of Rohingyas migrated from Burma and Bangladesh, collectively dubbed as the ‘boat people’ by international media, to Southeast Asian countries including Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand by rickety boats via the waters of the Strait of Malacca and the Andaman Sea. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees estimates that about 25,000 people have taken to boats between January and March, 2015. There are claims that around 100 people have died in Indonesia, 200 in Malaysia and 10 in Thailand during their journey. (more…)

Delhi-Dhaka Agreement Pact: A Triumphant Scenario?

By Surbhi Agrawal, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun.

With the recent Agreements, India has embarked upon a mission to maintain peace with its neighbor country, Bangladesh. This step of the countries will help improve ties and will boost trade between both the countries. Bangladesh and India are not just neighbors, but the nations are bound by the thread of history, religion, culture, language and kinship & a passion for cricket. India not only shares a common history of struggle, for freedom and liberation, but also the enduring feelings of both fraternal as well as family ties, with this neighbor. However, there are several issues, such as illegal migration, insurgency, border, water disputes and dispute over the issue of Moore Island etc., between these two country’s relations. But, ending up these evils, the two countries have signed 22 Agreements and Memorandums of Understanding on economic cooperation, trade and investment, security, infrastructure development, education, science and technology, IT and culture. (more…)

India-Bangladesh Land Agreement

By Amrita Dasgupta, South Calcutta Law College.

The Agreement on the demarcation of Land Boundary between India and Bangladesh and related matters, signed in May 1974 is a unique document that epitomized the depth of the friendship, goodwill and mutual trust and above all, the vision of peace and harmony of two great statesmen, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, and Smt. Indira Gandhi. This comprehensive agreement was intended to resolve all lingering and vexing problems that history had bequeathed on the two nations. It has been recognized by all concerned that the implementation of the Agreement in letter and spirit is a sine qua non for the redress of the causes of tension and conflicts, along the long border between the two countries. The two leaders’ even fixed practical time frames for completion of various steps they knew would be necessary for the Agreement to be implemented.[1] But the later leaders’ couldn’t do the needful to carry on with the peace and harmony between the two nations. (more…)

Should the Government grant Citizenship to Bangladeshi Hindus?

By Nayanika Tiwari, NMIMS School of Law.

In July 2012 two NGOs Swajan and Bimalangshu Roy Foundation filed a petition with the Supreme Court of India on the issue of grant of citizenship or refugee status to thousands of displaced persons, mostly in Assam, of minority communities like Hindus, Buddhists, Sikhs and Christians due to their alleged religious persecution in Bangladesh, must not be bracketed with illegal migrants and sent back. The petition filed through counsel Shuvodeep Roy stated that in spite of a specific mandate of Section 2 of Immigrants (Expulsion from Assam) Act, 1950 protecting from expulsion victims of civil disturbances, no measures have been taken either by the Centre or Assam to provide ameliorative steps for displaced persons. (more…)