India has seen a long tradition of rote memorization as the primary teaching pedagogy, the first instances of which come across in the ancient gurukuls of the Vedic period. Furthermore, the pedagogy had been teacher-based. According to this learning system, the disciples of a particular guru or teacher would stay Read more…
Divya and Bhoomi are studying in classes 7 & 5 respectively in Tughlakabad’s government school in Delhi. Due to the COVID-led precautions, as the primary & secondary schools of Delhi are functioning in a hybrid model, classes are still being conducted online every alternate day. But since both their parents Read more…
What can you do? You can now donate your old phones to facilitate the access to hybrid education of underprivileged children in Delhi. Why this campaign? Since the pandemic in 2020, digital education was introduced for all schools as the only viable means to ensure access to education. Later last Read more…
One of the major challenges of the education system in India is to address gender disparities in terms of enrolment and drop-out rates of the girl child. The dismal female literacy rate in 1981 was at 28.47% and increased to 65.46% in 2011 as opposed to the male literacy rate of 82.14% in 2011. The rural findings of ASER 2018 also reflected that in 2008, 20% of girls nationally in the 15-16 age group were not enrolled in schools, and in 2018 this number remained at 13.5%. (more…)
Measures to address the impact of COVID on access to education in Government Primary Schools of Delhi
The UNDP report COVID and Human Development: Assessing the Crisis, Envisioning the Recovery states that the pandemic has emerged as a “human development crisis” with indicators of certain dimensions expected to sink as low as mid-1980 levels. Education is one such dimension. With schools being closed and large proportions of the population without internet access, “effective out-of-school rate” suggests that 60% of the children across the globe do not have access to education. (more…)
Information about the issue:
In the last few months, COVID-19 has surfaced as an unprecedented challenge for the issue of access to quality education, especially for primary school students in government schools. For most of the students in government primary schools belonging to the disadvantaged communities, absence of computers, smartphones or any reliable broadband service means failure to access the e-learning tools that have proved to be indispensable in the event of the lockdown. With the proven necessity of access to the internet for access to education, lack of government intervention has highlighted the scale of poor access to the internet and its adverse consequences for access to primary education. (more…)
Using the case study of Almora in Uttarakhand, this Working Document addresses the following issues: (more…)
By Sonali Bhatnagar, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun.
Everything has been said already; but as
No one listens, we must always begin again.
What is Child Labour? Child labour is commonly defined as work done by children under the age of 18 years that may be harmful to their physical, emotional, intellectual and social development. Is not a recent phenomenon and again, not confined to a particular country. More than 200 million children around the world today are deprived of a childhood. Forced to work in fields, mines and factories, many children’s plight is highly visible. But many more children suffer in the hidden dimensions of child labour, such as domestic work, sexual exploitation, human trafficking and slavery. Today, one out of every seven children in the world is involved in child Labour. Child labour covers every non-school going child irrespective of whether the child is engaged in wage or non-wage work; whether he or she is working for their family; whether employed in hazardous or non-hazardous occupations; whether employed on a daily or on a contract basis or as a bonded laborers. Child labour has a long history; it exists in various forms such as street trading, gardening, child caring, handicrafts, prostitution and trafficking and factors such as poverty, ignorance, culture, corruption, ineffective laws and the lack of will to enforce them, are some causes of child labour. (more…)
By Sanya Darakhshan Kishwar, Central University of Bihar, Gaya and Sagarika Chandel, KIIT School Of Law, Bhubaneswar.
The right to education is a universal entitlement to education, recognized in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights as a human right that includes the right to free, compulsory primary education for all, an obligation to develop secondary education accessible to all, in particular by the progressive introduction of free secondary education, as well as an obligation to develop equitable access to higher education, ideally by the progressive introduction of free higher education.
Check out this interesting Power Point Presentation explaining the ins and outs of RTE: (more…)
By Rohin Bhansali, Jindal Global Law School, Sonepat.
Child labor is widespread and bad for development, both that of the individual child and of the society and economy in which she or he lives. If allowed to persist to the current extent, child labor will prevent the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals of halving poverty and achieving Education for All.
Child labor is one of the biggest problems faced by world today. According to UNICEF, a staggering number of 250 million children aged 2 to 17 are subjected to child labor worldwide. Child labor is defined by many organizations as “any kind of work for children that harms them or exploits them in some way may it be physically, mentally, morally or by depriving a child of education”. Child labor is a social menace in many parts of the world, especially developing countries. There is a widespread practice of child labor in places like agriculture, factories, mining, and quarrying etc. (more…)